The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is seeking comments on a draft recommendation statement and draft evidence review on screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The task force found insufficient evidence to recommend for or against screening in ten- to 18-year-old children and adolescents who do not have any signs or symptoms of AIS.
USPSTF researchers reviewed the evidence to update the 2004 recommendation on screening for AIS for asymptomatic children and adolescents ages ten-18 years old. The researchers reviewed data from seven studies on screening accuracy, seven studies on the effectiveness of treatment, one study on the harms of treatment, and two studies on long-term outcomes. There were no studies that met inclusion criteria on the effect of screening on long-term health outcomes or the harms of screening.