There are two broad categories of reading material within the world of O&P. The easier types to access and read are articles like this, found in our industry trade publications such as The O&P EDGE and others like it. Distinct from these lighter-reading options are the academic articles published in peer-reviewed journals. These represent a different type of publication with specific governing structures and expectations. This article defines the structure of those academic articles as well as the peer-review process and the role that clinical practitioners can play in ensuring the quality of scientific publications.