A group of researchers in Germany who compared quality of life (QOL) in cohorts of patients with osseointegration and patients who used a socket prosthesis found that the patients with osseointegration experienced less prosthesis-associated problems than socket prosthesis users and had a higher prosthesis-associated quality of life. General QOL was not different between groups.
The two cohorts of participants (22 in the osseointegration group and 17 in the socket prosthesis group) were group-matched for age, body mass index, and mobility grade. The quality of life of the 39 participants was measured using the Questionnaire for Persons with Transfemoral Amputation (Q-TFA) and European Questionnaire 5-dimension 3-level (EQ-5D-3L) surveys.
Compared with the socket prosthesis group, the osseointegration group had a significantly higher global score and a significantly lower problem score on the Q-TFA. The mobility and use scores on the Q-TFA, the EQ-5D-3L index, and EQ-5D visual analog scale showed no significant differences between groups.
The study, Quality of life of persons with transfemoral amputation: Comparison of socket prostheses and osseointegrated prostheses, was published in Prosthetics and Orthotics International.